ISBN 978-1-922629-73-9

English Grammar Book

A great resource for those needing a practical, concise and clear explanation of the principles and use of English Grammar.

The book is 145 pages divided into easy read chapters.

From the Author

I completed my “Masters in English” with “Awards Of College Colours” and “Roll Of Honour” in the sports field (professional boxer) and came to Australia on a scholarship in 2008. In Australia, I got the chance to meet people from all countries and do further English language research. This book is written after interviewing natives of many countries, having an English second language, and understanding the problems they face in the English language. This classical piece of work is an efficient tool for those who want to learn the basic logistics of the English language. It will significantly help to master skills in sentences building, formation, correct usage, and structure. In addition, it will work as a “One-Stop-Shop” for Grammarians.

It takes extensive time to complete this book due to my tight schedule and high volume of interviews from people worldwide. I spend lots of time (Ground Zero) at the University of Adelaide, University of South Australia, and Flinders University (Australia) for my research work, even-thou I was never a student of these universities. Now that, despite voluminous odds, this book has happened, I have hopes and prayers regarding it.

I am fortunate that Navneet Kaur (Masters in English, Roll Of Honour Holder, functioned as strategic-Journalist in “The Tribune” Newspaper) scrutinize the manuscript and proposed expansions.

I am indebted to sharp-witted Advocate, Mr. Inderbir Singh S/O Mr. J.J Singh Hundal (Comdt.) for helpful thoughts and working on all legalities.

I wish to record my gratitude to my wife, Engr. Karamveer Kaur (M. tech), for help with graphics (pictures, tables). She was unstinted support at every corner with affection and analysis. It is reverential to admit that my father was the strongest pillar of support and guidance.

At last, I am obliged and fortunate that I got an opportunity to complete my research work (Masters) under the guidance of intellectuals like Professor, Mrs. Reetinder Joshi (Govt. College Ludhiana) and Prof. Kalia (Head of Dept. S.C.D.  Govt. College Ludhiana).


Ajaypal Singh Hundal, South Australia



Preface 3
Contents 4
Nouns 9
Common Noun 9
Proper noun 10
Concrete noun 12
Abstract Noun 13
Collective Noun 14
Countable nouns 15
Uncountable Nouns 16
The Noun: Gender 18
Pronouns 19
Personal Pronouns 19
Reflexive Pronouns 20
Indefinite pronouns 21
Interrogative pronouns 22
Verbs 23
Action Verbs 23
State Verbs 23
Main Verb 24
Helping Verb or Auxillary Verb 24
Regular Verbs 25
Irregular verbs 25
Transitive verbs 29
Intransitive verbs 29
Phrases 30
Clauses 31
Independent clause 31
Dependent clause 32

Adjective clause 32
Adverb clause 33
Noun clause 33
Adjectives 34
Positive 34
Comparative 35
Superlative degree 36
Descriptive Adjectives 38
Qualitative Adjectives 38
Possessive Adjectives 39
Interrogative Adjectives 42
Distributive Adjectives 43
Articles 44
Definite Article 45
Indefinite Articles 46
Adverbs 48
Adverbs of Time 48
Adverbs of Manner 49
Adverbs of Place 49
Adverb of Degree 50
Adverb of Frequency 51
Prepositions 52
Prepositions of Time 53
Prepositions of Place/Direction 53
Prepositions of Agent or Things 54
Phrasal Prepositions 55
Conjunctions 57
Co-ordinating Conjunction 57

Subordinate Conjunctions 60
Correlative Conjunctions 63
The Interjection 66
Interjection 67
Sentences 69
Declarative Sentences 69
Imperative sentences 70
Exclamatory sentences 71
Interrogative sentences 72
Tenses 74
Past Indefinite Tense 74
Present Indefinite Tense 76
Future Indefinite Tense 78
Past Continuous Tense 79
Present Continuous Tense 81
Future Continuous Tense 84
Past Perfect Tense 85
Present Perfect Tense 87
Future Perfect Tense 89
Past Perfect Continuous Tense 91

Present Perfect Continuous Tense 92
Future Perfect Continuous Tense 94
Structure 94
16 Tenses with Formulas 96
Proverbs 97
Voice 103
Formation of Passive Verbs 110
Present Indefinite 110
Past Indefinite 112
Future Indefinite/Modal 114
Present Continuous 116
Past Continuous 118
Future Continuous 119
Present Perfect 120
Past Perfect 122
Future Perfect/Modal 124
Present Perfect Continuous 125
Past Perfect Continuous 125
Future Perfect Continuous 125
Imperatives 126
Voice chart 130
Narration 131
(Direct and Indirect) 131
Speech 131
Change of Pronouns 133
Change of Tense 134
Change of Sentence Form & Use of connectors 136
Appendix 144
Special Thanks 145